Twice Hero of the Soviet Union - Skomorokhov Nikolai Mikhailovich
Skomorokhov Nikolai Mikhailovich - squadron commander of the 31st Fighter Aviation Regiment (295th Fighter Aviation Division, 9th Mixed Air Corps, 17th Air Army, 3rd Ukrainian Front), captain. Born on May…

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Stepped into immortality: little-known heroes of the Great Patriotic War
During the years of the Great Patriotic War, the highest Soviet award - the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union - was awarded to 11,657 soldiers and…

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Alexander Pokryshkin
Three times Hero of the Soviet Union, who personally shot down 59 enemy aircraft and six aircraft in a group. He flew the MiG-3, Yak-1, P-39, Aerocobra. The genius of…

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Stepped into immortality: little-known heroes of the Great Patriotic War
During the years of the Great Patriotic War, the highest Soviet award - the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union - was awarded to 11,657 soldiers and…

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Member of the Great Patriotic War

Born May 1, 1922 in Moscow in a working class family. My father worked in a special purpose garage at the Council of People’s Commissars. When he was transferred to work in government facilities in the Caucasus, from 1927 the family lived in Sochi and Matsesta, from 1934 in Gagra. In 1938 they returned to Moscow. He graduated from 10 classes at school number 94 in Moscow in 1939. At the same time he graduated from a glider school in Gagra (1937, although according to publications on the Internet, he received a certificate of a glider pilot at the age of 12[4]). In 1940 he graduated from the Krasnopresnensky (according to other sources Tushinsky) flying club.

In the Red Army since September 1940. He graduated from the Chuguev military aviation school of pilots in 1941, the Batay military aviation school of pilots in 1942 (at that time the school operated in evacuation in the Azerbaijan SSR). From March to May 1942, he underwent additional training in the 4th reserve aviation regiment of the 3rd air brigade of the Air Force of the Moscow Military District (Gorky). Member of the CPSU since 1943.

In the army on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War since May 1942. The entire combat path passed as part of the 5th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment on the Kalinin, South-Western, 3rd Ukrainian, 1st Ukrainian fronts. Member of the Battle of Rzhev, Battle of Stalingrad, Srednedonskaya, Voroshilovgradskaya, Izyum-Barvenkovskaya, Belgorod-Kharkovskaya, Donbass, Zaporozhye, Dnepropetrovsk, Lvov-Sandomierz, Vistula-Oder, Lower Silesian, Upper Silesian, Berlin, Prague offensive operations.

The commander of the 5th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (207th Fighter Aviation Division, 3rd Mixed Aviation Corps, 17th Air Army, South-Western Front) Guards Junior Lieutenant Popkov by August 1943 made 168 sorties, in 45 Air battles shot down 17 enemy aircraft. The title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded on September 8, 1943. The squadron commander of the same regiment (11th Guards Fighter Aviation Division, 2nd Guards Assault Aviation Corps, 2nd Air Army, 1st Ukrainian Front) Captain Popkov by February 1945 made 325 sorties, in 83 air battles personally shot down 41 and in group 1 enemy aircraft. He was awarded the second Gold Star medal on June 27, 1945. The Americans included him in the top ten strongest aces in the world [5]. In total, by May 9, 1945, he completed 358 sorties, conducted 85 air battles, personally shot down (according to confirmed data) 40 German aircraft [6]. At the same time, the literature often indicates a greater number of air victories by V. I. Popkov, for example, 41 personal and 17 group [7]. At the same time, 1 enemy aircraft was shot down by a ram attack in an air battle on April 18, 1945.

During the war years, he was wounded twice, after one of his first air battles he had to make an emergency landing, and in the battle on August 3, 1942 he was shot down and escaped by parachute (while also receiving burns). He fought on domestic fighters LaGG-3, La-5, La-7.

Participant of the Victory Parade on June 24, 1945 in Moscow, walked in the 1st rank of the Heroes of the Soviet Union of the 1st Ukrainian Front.

After the war, he continued to serve in the Air Force, commanding a squadron of the same regiment (Central Group of Forces, then the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany) until January 1948, after which he was sent to study. In 1951 he graduated from the Air Force Academy in Monino[8]. From May 1951 he commanded the 925th Fighter Aviation Regiment in the Tauride Military District.

In August 1953, the regiment was transferred to the Air Force of the Black Sea Fleet. So for the next 10 years of service, the famous ace became a naval pilot. The regiment was stationed in the Crimea. In May 1954 he was appointed commander of the 24th Guards Fighter Aviation Division of the Air Force of the 4th Navy in the Baltic Sea, which was based in the Kaliningrad region. Since December 1955 – Assistant Commander of the Air Force of the 4th Navy, and after the merger of the 4th and 8th Navy into a single Baltic Fleet in January 1956 – Assistant Commander of the Air Force of the Baltic Fleet. From January 1958 he served as deputy commander of the Air Force of the Baltic Fleet in Kaliningrad, from February 1960 – deputy commander of the Air Force of the Baltic Fleet for combat training – head of the combat training department of the fleet headquarters, from January 1960 to July 1962 – again deputy commander of the Air Force of the Baltic Fleet. On February 18, 1958, he was awarded the military rank of Major General of Aviation. In 1962 he was sent to study at the academy.

In 1964 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR (with a gold medal). From July 1964 he served as the head of the department of the Main Organizational and Mobilization Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR. Since December 1966 – Inspector General of the Navy Aviation of the Main Inspectorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense. Lieutenant General of Aviation (rank awarded on February 19, 1968. He flew jet fighters until 1979. From February 1980 – at work at the N. E. Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy: head of the 5th faculty, from December 1987 – deputy director of the academy.

412 sorties
On September 20, 1923, in the village of Moshchinovo, Smolensk province, a Soviet fighter pilot, ace, military and statesman, Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, the most productive ace among…

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Borovykh Andrey Egorovich
Andrei Borovykh was born in Kursk on October 30, 1921 under the sign of Scorpio, who guarded his fate, as well as the fate of the relative majority of aces…

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