What were they like, those "old men" who went into battle?
Around every celebrity, especially if she is surrounded by a halo of accomplished feats, a lot of oral rumors inevitably arise, gradually turning into legends. Naturally, such a legendary pilot…

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Air Marshal Nikolai Mikhailovich Skomorokhov
The future ace pilot was born into a peasant family. In 1930, the family moved to Astrakhan, where in 1935 Nikolai graduated from the 7th grade. For the next two…

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Evstigneev Kirill Alekseevich
Kirill Alekseevich Evstigneev was born on February 17, 1917 in the village of Bolshiye Khokhly (now the Shumikhinsky district of the Kurgan region) into a peasant family. In 1935 he…

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Alexander EFIMOV: "The attack aircraft lives in battle"
A participant in the Great Patriotic War, an attack pilot, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Air Marshal A. EFIMOV is a legendary personality for our aviation. And not only…

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Fighter pilot

In 1940 he entered the Chuguev Military Pilot School. After graduating from college, he was left in it for six months as an instructor. In December of the same year he was sent to the front. He started to fly on our old “Ishachka”, after on the modernized British fighter “Hurricane Mk 2”. In early 1942, he fought as part of the 728th Fighter Regiment on the Kalinin Front. During eight sorties, he scored three air victories and was appointed flight commander. Then he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. From September 1942 he was transferred to the 157th IAP on the Central Front. He began to make his sorties first on the LaGG-3 aircraft, later on the Yak-7B. During the Battle of Kursk, he was shot down, but successfully jumped out with a parachute and soon returned to sorties.

A.E. Borovykh near the Yak-1.
During the air battles near Kursk, junior lieutenant A.E. Borovoy destroyed 8 enemy aircraft. By June 1943, he had 12 shot down aircraft personally and 14 as part of a group. At the end of August, he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and a new appointment to the post of squadron commander. After the Battle of Kursk, Andrei Yegorovich participated in the battles for Novgorod-Seversky, Glukhov, Chernigov. In the autumn of 1944, his regiment was re-equipped with the latest Yak-3 fighters. A series of heavy battles began for Belarus and Poland. By December 1944, Captain Borovoy shot down another 19 enemy planes. By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of February 23, 1945, he was awarded the title twice Hero of the Soviet Union. In total, during the war years, the pilot made about 500 sorties, in 113 air battles 32 aircraft were personally shot down and 14 as part of a group. According to other sources, the number of downed aircraft is somewhat different – 27 personal and 17 group victories.

post-war period.
After the end of the war, he continued to serve in the Air Force. Among the twenty twice Heroes of the Soviet Union, the so-called “golden horde”, Captain Borovoy was enrolled in the Air Force Academy. He continued to fly and master new types of combat aircraft – already jet ones. At various times he commanded a regiment, then a division and a corps. In 1957 he graduated from the Higher Military Academy, after which he commanded various aviation formations in the Far Eastern and Kiev military districts. In 1968 he was appointed commander of the air defense aviation and was awarded the rank of colonel general. In 1977 he retired and worked at the Institute of Military History. He published several scientific articles, was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He died under unclear circumstances on November 7, 1989. He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.

Fighter pilot
In 1940 he entered the Chuguev Military Pilot School. After graduating from college, he was left in it for six months as an instructor. In December of the same year…

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Member of the Great Patriotic War
Born May 1, 1922 in Moscow in a working class family. My father worked in a special purpose garage at the Council of People's Commissars. When he was transferred to…

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